Usually, home kittens learn to use the toilet on mother’s example. This happens at the third or fourth week of his life, and by the time of moving to the new owners the animal has already been accustomed to the tray. But if the kitten got to you earlier or you picked it up on the street, you have to help to your pet.
What you need to know about trays
Buy a large tray. Your kitten will quickly grow, and if one day the tray is too small for him, the pet can go around the house to look for a toilet more spacious. In this case, the height of the sides must be such that the animal can climb into it independently.
Open trays can also be of different types: with a grid, without a grid, with high and low sides. A tray with high edges is good for an adult animal, which is very like to rush through the filler too vigorously and throw it in all directions. A small kitten at the stage of training does not easily climb into such a tray.
But a low pan with a grid can be very useful. The filler in this model pours out under the removable part and does not contact the paws. Perhaps your kitten will not immediately object to the grid, and if it turns out that it is vital for him to dig into the filler, the upper part can be removed permanently or temporarily.
However, with such trays you can do without fillers. You just need to pour out the urine every time and rinse the pot.
There is also a special lining for the toilet, which is good for everyone except one: they are not suitable for small kittens, pregnant cats and old or sick animals. But if you really like the idea of accustoming the animal to the toilet and not messing with the filler, you can try this patch when the kitten grows up.
Many of these pillows are systems of gradual addiction to the toilet: they use rings of different diameters that are removed as the animal becomes accustomed. In some of them (for example, this one) you can first fill the filler. Which system suits your pet depends on its preferences.
Finally, there is a fully automatic cat litter that takes care of itself and is therefore very comfortable and hygienic. But there is such a miracle of technology quite expensive. At the same time, there is a possibility that it will frighten or just not like your pet.
Take care of the spare tray
This happens infrequently, but nevertheless one can be prepared for the fact that some cats prefer to urinate in one tray and defecate in large – in another. If you live in a house or apartment with several floors, a toilet for cats should be available on each.
Choose the right place
The cat’s toilet seat should be easily accessible, comfortable and fairly quiet. It is better not to put the tray in the furthest corner of the house: in case of emergency, the kitten will not be able to get it.
And do not place the tray next to the bowls for water and feed. Cats do not shit where they eat and drink.
What should be the filler
Choose filler without dust, lumps and odor. Today almost every pet shop can buy mineral, wood, corn, silica gel and even paper fillers with a color indicator. In general, they all cope with their function, so the final choice depends on the personal preferences of the owner and the animal. But in the preparation for the pot you should pay attention to some important points.
Try to buy products of widely used brands. Perhaps your pet will get used to a certain kind of granules and refuse to use the toilet if suddenly there is no such filler in the store.
Filler based on silica gel, too, may not like you or the kitten, as when digging, it loudly rumbles. The fine corn filler sometimes sticks to dry paws and holds around the house. It is better not to buy a filler with a smell, since a strong odor can scare the animal off and he will start looking for an alternative place for the toilet.
Therefore, since the first filler is better to buy pressed wood chips, and later, if you want, try other options.
Clean the tray regulary
If your kitten is only just beginning to get used to the toilet, it makes sense to leave a little wet filler or excrement in the tray as a reminder of where the toilet is in the house.
As soon as the animal gets used, it will be necessary to clean everything, as a dirty pot can cause puddles and heaps in inappropriate places. It is enough 1-2 times a day to remove the used filler from the tray and add a new plus once a week to wash the container with warm water with a mild detergent without a strong smell.
The nozzle on the toilet should first be cleaned and washed in the same way as a conventional tray. If you use the system of teaching to the toilet bowl with rings, then there will soon be nothing to clean. The diameter of its rings gradually increases and as a result the animal will learn to use the toilet without a nozzle.
How to teach a kitten to the tray
Plant the kitten in the tray. Let the baby get used to the smell and look around. Let the kitten sit or lie for a few minutes in the tray. It’s okay if immediately after that the pet does not use the toilet.
Plant a kitten in the tray every time after eating, sleeping, playing games or if a lot of time has passed since the last departure. Also immediately transplant the animal into the tray if it has crouched with obvious intentions elsewhere. Try to play with the kitten next to the pot: after jumping and somersaults, the pet will probably want to be relieved.
Stock up on patience: some kittens understand why a tray is needed, almost instantly, while others need a little more attention and reminders.
Show the kitten what to do
If your pet has never seen a tray, you will need to demonstrate to him what to do with this item. Of course, you do not need to use the tray in front of a shocked cat – it’s enough to show that you can dig here. To do this, put the kitten in the tray and scratch the filler with your finger.
Do not try to teach the kitten to dig, holding it by the paws. From this, he will only be frightened and next time he will bypass the tray with a side.
Praise and do not punish
Smooth and affectionately talk with the kitten every time he shows an interest in the tray or uses it correctly. Do not shout, do not poke the animal with a snout and do not hit him for misses: by doing this you will only achieve that the toilet will be associated with punishment and the pet will cope with the need for secret, inaccessible corners.
Carefully wash the slip place. To ensure that chance does not become a regularity, remove all traces of hooliganism as soon as possible. It is necessary to get rid of the smell, otherwise the kitten will consider this place to be its permanent toilet.
Put in a wrong place bowls with food and water
If the kitten took a fancy for the toilet, some kind of place not completely intended for it, rearrange food and water. Instincts do not allow cats to defecate next to food and watering places, and your stubborn darling will be forced to abandon his dubious venture.