On December 7 the International day of civil aviation founded by the United Nations General Assembly in 1996 to draw attention to achievements in this area. Of course, we could not miss this wonderful occasion and we want to present to you some interesting facts about aviation.
1. First controlled flight
In 1903, December 17 was an event that can be considered a starting point in the history of aviation. That day saw the first controlled flight of a man on the machine heavier than air to the engine. Its founders were the brothers Wilbur Wright (Wilbur Wright) and Orville Wright (Orville Wright). Interestingly, none of these talented inventors do not even graduated from high school.
Prior to the construction of airplanes brothers worked in a private garage and shop, where they sold printing presses, bicycles, motors and other mechanisms. However, many experts believe that the main achievement of the Wright brothers’ first flight is not the priority of which is contested.
Their main achievement – the opening of the three axes of rotation of the aircraft, allowing pilots to effectively manage aircraft and maintain balance during flight.
2. White silk scarf
Military pilots in the early days of aviation wore white silk scarf, which gave them the romance and heroism. However, this tradition arose not out of love for beauty. Pilots during air combat had to continually twist their heads at 360 degrees to track the ever-changing traffic situation.
Because of it their neck was rubbed till it bleeds with a rigid collar of a uniform. So they began to wear a soft neck silk scarf.
3. World record
In the world there is, perhaps, no better known passenger plane, than Boeing 747. At the time of the creation this plane was the biggest, heavy and capacious passenger airliner and remained so for 36 years.
The plane of this model set a world record for the maximum number of passengers transported per flight. On May 24, 1991 during transfer of the Ethiopian Jews to Israel the plane accepted aboard 1122 passengers.
Initially, the plan was supposed to ship in the plane of 760 people, but the passengers were so light, it was decided to further load. Interestingly, in flight two babies were born, so that at the destination airport there were more passengers than in the time of departure. For reference: modern Boeing 747 is designed for flight with 480 passengers on board.
4. The biggest aircraft
The biggest aircraft in the world is the An-225 – Russian transport jet extra high load capacity developed by the Antonov Design Bureau. It was designed and built in the Soviet Union at the Kiev Mechanical Plant in 1984-1988, respectively.
March 22, 1989 An-225 made the flight with a cargo of 156.3 tons, which broke 110 world aviation records. And in August 2004 was a new record, which is still not beaten: An-225 transported cargo weighing 250 tons from Prague to Tashkent with a stopover in Samara.
5. The largest plane crash
The largest plane crash by number of the victims in the history of civil aviation happened, surprisingly, on the earth. On the runway of Los Rodeos airport collided airliners Boeing 747-206B of KLM and Boeing 747-121 airline Pan American. As a result, 583 people were killed.
Cause of the accident – a chain of tragic accidents. Explosion by terrorists of the movement for independence and an autonomy of the Canary Islands of a bomb at the largest airport of the Canary Islands Las Palmas became the first link of a chain. As a result the airport was closed, and all flights are redirected to the Los-Rodeos airport where there was a confusion.
6. Three million people
Throughout the world every day on passenger planes fly more than 3 million people. In usual day each 2 seconds one plane somewhere flies up or lands. Every year on the aircraft carried more than 5 billion people. However, statistics says that only 5% of the world’s population has ever flown on an airplane.
7. Safest mode of transport
Many people are afraid of flying, but statistics show that air travel is the safest mode of transport. According to estimates ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization), per million departures account for only one incident.
The probability that a passenger stranded on a plane, dies in a plane crash, is about 1/8,000,000. This means that if a passenger will sit every day on an occasional flight, then he would need to fly as much as 21,000 years, precisely to die in a crash.